Red Chilli

Chilli is the dried ripe fruit of the genus Capsicum. Capsicum annuum is an annual sub –shrub, the flowers of which are borne singly and fruits usually pendent, which provide red peppers, cayenne, paprika and chillies and sweet pepper (bell pepper) a mild form with large inflated fruits.

Capsicum frutescence is a perennial chilly with small sized pods which are highly pungent. It is commonly known as ‘bird chilly’ and ‘Tabasco’. Chilly is reported to be a native of South America and is widely distributed in all tropical and sub tropical countries including India. It was first introduced in India by Portuguese towards the end of 15th Century. Now it is grown all over the world except in colder parts.

Apart from its uses in cooking, it has medicinal uses as well. It helps in digestion, it develops blood and is a very rich source of vitamin C, which helps in developing the immune system. It is used as spray weapon also for keeping away attackers and mobsters.Chilli contains up to seven times the vitamin C level of an orange and has a range of health benefits, including fighting sinus congestion, aiding digestion and helping to relieve migraines and muscle, joint and nerve pain. It”s also a good source of vitamins A and E, beta-carotene, folic acid and potassium. Chilli has long been used to reduce food micro-contamination and is also considered a potential metabolism booster for weight loss. Several studies have found it may also play a role in treating lung and prostate cancer and leukaemia.

Chilli can be irritating if taken in excess. Extremely hot ones can burn the inside of the mouth and can also be irritating when excreted. A glass of milk or yoghurt side dish such as cucumber raita can help soothe the bite.

Among all the major producers, India dominates in chilli production and is the largest exporter as well due to superior quality found here. In India major production comes from Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Orissa and Rajasthan. Guntur is the major physical market for red chillies.


1. Hot peppers are good for the circulatory system:

Though their exact action on the heart isn’t known, they help dilate blood vessels, ensuring that healthy, fresh, oxygenated blood gets to all of the areas of the body where it is the most needed. There’s even evidence that they can help lower cholesterol!

2. Hot peppers are good for the digestive system:

Hot peppers are as irritating to bacteria as they are to your skin and eyes. This means that they can help kill certain pathogens that cause food poisoning and intestinal distress.

3. Hot peppers are actually cooling:

Many people enjoy spicy dishes in summer because hot spices trigger your body to try to cool you down. This means that you’ll stay cooler in the heat, without having to actually get any hotter to get your body’s cooling process to kick in.

4. Hot peppers can help you lose weight:

The cooling process mentioned above takes energy. Your body will end up burning fat to get this extra energy, helping you to lose weight. This is part of the reason why many people lose a bit of weight during the summer months.


1.People with certain heart conditions should avoid hot foods:

Since they affect circulation, people with specific heart problems, or who are taking certain medication, should avoid hot peppers.

2. Hot peppers can irritate the kidneys:

With prolonged use, capsicum, the compound that makes peppers hot, can irritate the delicate tissues of the kidneys.

Your skin, eyes, and mucous membranes are all sensitive to capsicum.
This means that letting it touch your skin, getting it in your eyes, or eating too many of them can lead to irritation, gastric discomfort, and even ulcers.

3. People with heartburn should avoid hot peppers and other hot spices:

Hot spices are known to exacerbate heartburn and Gastro-oesophageal Reflux Disease.


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